Sunday, May 24, 2020
Research Methods II Chapter II Clark Atlanta University Whitney M. Young Jr School of Social Work LaShoney Frink Review of Literature The purpose of this literature is to deliver an extensive overview of the research topic. This chapter will provide a historical background on domestic violence, a historical perspective of the services provided and an overview of different forms of domestic violence. The goal of this literature review is to examine the statistical information that is presented as it relates to domestic violence. This literature review will also reveal how domestic violence affects children as well as the mental health of its victims. In addition, this chapter will include the Afrocentric perspective and theoretical framework as they relates to the research topic. Historical Perspective Understanding domestic violence is the key to solving the root of the problem. During the colonial period, intimate partner violence was justified by the belief that women were property of men to discipline and control (Encylopedia. of Interpersonal Violence 2008). Many believed the historical inequality of women and gender socialization of females and males contribute to the roots causes of domestic violence. Until 1960s, women who were raped or suffered violence in there homes had no formal place or safe haven to go to get help or support. Shelters and services for victims of domestic violence did not exist and there was little, if any, response from criminal orShow MoreRelatedEssay on Domestic Violence and the Effect It Has on Family1582 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDomestic violence is a violent confrontation between family or household members involving physical harm, sexual assault, or fear of physical harm (Stewart Croudep, 1998-2012). In most places domestic violence is looked on as one of the higher priorities when trying to stop crime. Domestic Violence cases are thought to be influenced by the use of alcohol, drugs, stress or anger but in reality, they are just learned behaviors by the batterer. These habits can be stopped as long as one seeks helpRead MoreThe Effects of Domestic Violence on Children Essay1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof that individual. Some of these events will affect the individual in a positive way allowing great life opportunities, while other events will unfortunately affect the individual in a negative way which can lead to disorders. Among the various events that can affect a person, one of the most common occurrences that some children witness early on in their lives that deeply affect their long-term mental health is being a witness to domestic violence. Research and observations that were studied revealedRead MoreDomestic Violence and the Effect it has on Family1587 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Domestic violence is a violent conf rontation between family or household members involving physical harm, sexual assault, or fear of physical harmÃ¢â¬ (Stewart Croudep, 1998-2012). In most places domestic violence is looked on as one of the higher priorities when trying to stop crime. Domestic Violence cases are thought to be influenced by the use of alcohol, drugs, stress or anger but in reality, they are just learned behaviors by the batterer. These habits can be stopped as long as one seeks helpRead MoreDomestic Violence And Immigrant Women1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe student documentary video regarding domestic violence and immigrant women highlighted a significant health and a human right problem all over the world. Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal e-development, or deprivationÃ¢â¬ (WHO 2002:4). AccordingRead MoreEssay Domestic Violence Against Women: A Global Epidemic1021 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages One of the most significant health and social problems affecting every society in the world today, irrespective of age, race, ethnic, socio-economic, and religious groups, is Domestic Violence against women. According to the World Health Organization (2007): Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio- economic, cultural, racial, and class distinctions. This problem is not only widely dispersed geographically, but its incidenceRead MoreDomestic Violence Is A Serious And Ever Growing Problem1396 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesDomestic Violence Domestic violence is a serious and ever growing problem that the United States is faced with. Many people have suffered from domestic violence, and many more are still suffering even though the abuse ended years ago. Domestic violence victims still continue to suffer from the experience to this day. The effects of domestic violence creates something that will stick with the victim for a lifetime. Because victims fear reporting their problems to the police, many accounts of domesticRead MoreDomestic Violence And Mental Injuries1399 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Quetext about FAQ contact Domestic violence does not just result in physical injuries but also developmental issues in children that witness the abuse and never receive any type of counseling or therapy and psychological trauma. In the most severe cases death was also a result of domestic violence. With help or assistance the results of domestic violence can last a lifetime. People often think that domestic violence is just physical abuse but that is not always the case. In many ofRead MoreTheoretical Framework on Domestic Violence1416 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheoretical Framework on Domestic Violence Theoretical Framework Domestic Violence among Women and Children A Theoretical Framework are theories that is formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge, within the limits of the critical bounding assumptions. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory which explainsRead MoreDomestic Violence And Child Abuse Essay1311 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI chose to do my research on domestic violence and child abuse for many different reasons. As a young woman and hopefully a future mother, I wanted to be well educated on domestic violence and child abuse so that I can hopefully prevent these from happening to me of my future children. By researching domestic violence and child abuse I was able to learn about warning signs, as well as other useful information regarding these topics, such as where to seek help. Also, as someone who wants to be a teacherRead MoreMy Ish Yi1 189 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesKatieÃ¢â¬â¢s house to find her with her eyebrow slashed and bleeding, black eye, as well as bruises all over her. I stated Ã¢â¬Å"What happened to you? Are you okay? I am taking you to the hospital!Ã¢â¬ She had said that Jason had done this to her and not to tell anyone. I did as she told me to do and the situation only got worse. As I noticed the violence progressing I told authorities; I needed to help my best friend. Domestic violence is emotional abuse are behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Name: Callum Hutchinson Age:13 In game name: CallumOg soon to be CallumOG Do you have twitch or youtube channel:no have u previously been banned: no do u have a head set: no i just wear headphones with a mic What languages can u speak I know a little bit of Spanish. a little bit of french. My main language is English. Why do you want this rank?: I would want this rank to not only help out the community but to help out the staff. I dedicate all of my time towards the server to make a more welcoming community instead of a toxic place to be. I love to dedicate my time to a community that I have loved for many weeks. Anyways, I am a pretty active player myself, I have been working on with many communities and they do not seem to fit myÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Explain some cases in which you would perm-ban/temp-ban people: Hacking: I would ban the player with proof. Spamming: I will temp mute the player for around 15-30 minutes with proof of the player spamming. Racism: Perm mute the player, I would not Tolerate Racism. It should never be okay. Harassment Towards players // Staff: I will warn the player first if the player continues I will Tempmute the player. DDOS Threats: Perm ban. Doesnt matter who you are, should never be tolerated. IRL Scamming: I will get proof before a ban. I will ban or tempban the player depending on the circumstances. Advertising: Perm mute or a Perm Ban. Advertising other servers shouldnt be allowed either. Leaking personal information: whether this be on discord or on teamspeak, it should not be allowed, whether leaking the staffs or the members information, I will Perm ban the player, with proof. Tell us a little bit about yourself: My name is Callum, I go to an high school in somerset England. When I am older i really want to be a football player or a f1 driver but in my spare time i will come on the server and help everyone out with there feelings and if they need stuff i will give them what i can do to my best off my abilitys Why are you applying for Helper: I am applying for helper because I feel like I can help the community not in a positive way but in a more of a helpful way. I have seen many staff members in the community resign. I am the staff member that willShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Community Service1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Importance of Community Service What is community service? If you asked me at my grade 8 graduation, I would have said that it was 40 hours of volunteering required to receive your high school diploma. I probably would have commented that it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be hard to do- I mean it was only 10 hours every year. I might have also mentioned that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a plan on how I was going to complete the requirement, but I would figure something out. Four years and over 200 community service hours laterRead MoreThe Importance Of Volunteering In The Community1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesVolunteering in the community helps develop a connection with the community. Communities are people who help one another to make an impact in someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Giving back to those that helped one previously can make a difference. Giving up a few hours during the week to volunteer at a summer reading program at the community library can bring joy in some childÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Supporting and helping younger children learn in our c ommunity brings me pride. Volunteering is a way to give back to your community and gain workRead MoreThe Importance Of Community Policy1649 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDay, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. On rare occasions, there may be time that due to staffing and/or emergencies the office may be closed. We apologize for any inconveniences this may cause. NAMI Ventura County programs best meet the needs of the community when they are consistent and reliable. To that end, NAMI Ventura County will do their best not to cancel programs or meetings. We ask all volunteers to please take their commitment very seriously. Occasionally, it may be necessary to cancel orRead MoreEssay on The Importance of Community1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCommunity is very important and has many factors like kinship, unity, and identity. Community helps society because it creates solutions, provides security and reveals dedication. It discovers truthfulness. Communities are part of everyday life and have positive affects on its members. Communities can be found everywhere and can be created anywhere. You may be unaware of it, but you are part of a community not only based on your location, but also based on your lifestyle,Read MoreThe Importance of a Pharmacist in the Community1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe importance of a pharmacist in the community. This is because they will always provide medical care, consultation services, and health care advices to the community. A doctor, a caretaker, a Pharmacist, my mother, my brother, and sister are people of medicine who form part of this unique community, which has existed for ages. There is no doubt that from the early colonial days to the modern days, pharmaceutical services are needed in our daily lives. The paper aims at identifying the discourseRead MoreThe Importance Of The Local Community For The Host Community Essay1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesas develop the local pride of the people and aid the visitors in identifying the vibrant culture of the local city. The role of the local community in the cultural heritage plays a vibrant role in developing tourism through festivals. The events held are seen as a sifnificant instrument for attracting tourists as well as building an image in different communities. Some of the processes in regard to this form of cultural tourism are as such, increased resources for the conservationd and preservationRead MoreThe Importance Of Community College1075 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesindividuals are faced with questions about college. These questions, whether it be committing to a community college or a university or deciding to commute or live on campus, determine the course a studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ life takes while in college. Finding a college that fits each individual person and their unique needs is a difficult task that takes time and patience. I believe revamping the structure of community colleges will benefit students of all ages. Remodeling the acceptance and tuition requirements,Read MoreThe Im portance Of Community Media766 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe findings from dissertation indicate a preference among community journalists for print, indicating a gatekeeping choice focused upon the more profitable platform. While not mentioned in the findings, an interesting email from a survey respondent stated that while he (or she) would complete the survey he (or she) focused on print in their job because the web is where community media go to lose money. Another potential survey respondent, who declined to participate did respond by email as wellRead MoreThe Importance of Schools to a Community Essay821 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRunning head: The Importance of Schools in a Community The Importance of Schools in a Community Community Development Executive Summary This case study will focus on the effects of a redistricting decision in Calvert County, Maryland. There were three possible plans that were being considered. The redistricting plans centered on the opening of a new elementary school in central Calvert County. The proposed plans would all have profound effects on three different schools and many neighborhoodsRead MoreThe Importance Of Volunteering In Community Service764 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesVolunteering in my community services programs for various activities has been the most important and influential thing that I can offer to my community. It has allowed me to show honestly, integrity, and hard work. Volunteering far supersedes financial gain since time has the ability to expand oneÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of availability. Activities such as volunteering at the local food bank, trash pick-up, or mentoring at elementary schools are considered meaningful volunteering activities, which I have been
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Initial public offer (IPO) as the name suggests refers to when a company goes public or issue shares of the company to the public in order to raise capital for the first time. After the IPO, the company gets listed and its shares are traded on stock exchange. Once it gets listed then the permission to trade these shares is granted by shareholders i. We will write a custom essay sample on Initial Public Offer or any similar topic only for you Order Now e. to whom the shares have been allotted in the IPO. There can be many reasons for bringing out an IPO. First, when the company issues new shares to the public, then the money raised from public goes to the company. Second, when the Govt. Sell their stake in the company to the public, then the money raised goes to the Govt. (like the disinvestment of PSUs). However, one must be wondering why would individuals invest in a particular company? The answer is dividends. The shareholders expect the company will distribute the share of future profits among them as dividends. How an IPO is conducted IPOs generally involve book runners i. e. one or more investment banks known as underwriters. The underwriters retain a portion of the proceeds as their fee. This fee is called an underwriting spread. Various methods of conducting an IPO are Dutch auction, Firm Commitment, Best Efforts, Bought Deal and Self Distribution of stock. IPOs can be made through the Fixed Price Method or Book Building Method. In the fixed price method, the price at which the securities are offered is fixed in advance. In the book building method, the investors have to bid for shares within a price band specified by the issuer and the final price is decided after observing the result of the bidding. The fixing of the band and the bidding process are done with the help of an investment bank or a group of several companies specializing in securities. While most of the companies are eligible to make a public issue are free to decide the price band but infrastructure companies are subject to follow SEBI norms as well as banks are required to get RBIÃ¢â¬â¢s permission. The prices are decided by the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s board of directors, which fixes the band after consulting the book runner (particularly an investment bank). In India, the issuer is allowed a price band of 20% (that is the cap of band should not be more than 20% above the floor price i. e. the lowest price that a seller will accept). After deciding the band, bids are invited on all prices of the band. Once the book is closed, the seller fixes the price at which all of its shares will get sold. However, there can be a situation of Oversubscription of an IPO (i. e. if applications are received for more number of shares than the company is authorised to allot). In that case, the allocations would be done proportionately among all the successful bidders i. e. among those bidders who did bidding at the price determined by the company or at the price higher than that. After the price has been determined on the basis of bidding, the public advertisement containing the rice as well as table showing the number of securities and the amount payable by an investor is issued. Various Investors Involved ? ? ? Retail Investors Non-Institutional Investors Qualified Institutional Buyers If a company is making an issue through 100 % book building process then1) Minimum 35% shall be offered to Retail Investors 2) Minimum 15% shall be offered to Non-Institutional Investors 3) Maximum 50% shall be off ered to Qualified Institutional Buyers. There can also be FPO (Follow on public offer) when companyÃ¢â¬â¢s offer to the public is not for the first time. There are certain advantages attached with going public. Capital can be used to pay off existing debt or to fund capital expenditure. Moreover, another advantage is an increased public awareness of a particular company as IPOs helps in attracting new potential customers which may ultimately leads to increase in the market share of a company. Before deciding whether to go public or not, a company must evaluate all the potential benefits or challenges that will arise. The book runners involved in the process (i. e. investment banks) are given the responsibility to find out the pros and cons of an IPO and determine whether it is favourable or not for the company. How to cite Initial Public Offer, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Erikson versus Piaget: Active and Passive Learning Billy Jenkins Grand Canyon University: PSY 650 January 27, 2012 Abstract In this paper, the idea of active versus passive learning is discussed, as well as the major learning theories of Piaget and Erikson. Furthermore, their major learning theories are compared to each other and applied to the principles of active and passive learning. Because of my teaching and classroom experience, the application of active and passive learning will be applied to childhood development and learning. In addition, the learning theories of Piaget and Erikson, and their similarities and differences in relation to passive and active learning, will be applied to the classroom as well. Active versus Passive Learning According to Petress (2008), active and passive learning is often discussed in education journal articles and presented to teachers at in-service meetings. Active learning is the opposite of passive learning just as the active learning student is different from the passive learning student. The passive student is solely dependent on the teacher and what the teacher teaches in the classroom. The active learner depends slightly on the teacher, but takes learning a little further toward individualized, intrinsic learning. They are not overly dependent on a teacher because actively learning makes the student a partner in the process of learning. Teachers are often used as a resource for the active learnersÃ¢â¬ ¦ a resource that guides the learning process and motivates further educational learning. Passive learning requires little student involvement or overt work, and it is not self-reinforcing. On the other hand, according to Petress (2008), active learning is self-reinforcing and the student is intrinsically motivated to learn because learning is enjoyable, motivating, and extremely effective in getting tasks done. The difference between the two learners is that information learned passively will not be retained well and is not as effective or enthusiastically applied, whereas information learned actively will be retained better and is more effectively and enthusiastically applied to other areas of learning. Characteristics of Active and Passive Learners Active learners can frequently be observed performing such behaviors as: asking clarifying questions to stimulate further learning, challenging ideas to increase intellect and social dialogue, following up on learning through personal extensions by applying what is learned, connecting recently learned material with previously learned material, discussing learned concepts with others, keeping an enthusiastic attitude toward learning, exchanging and sharing views, and keeping an open mind to increase reasoning skills (Drew, 2011). On the other hand, according to Drew (2011), passive learners can frequently be observed exhibiting behaviors such as: diminished motivation and enthusiasm toward spontaneous learning, minimal transference of what is learned, a stunted retention because learning is not connected, minimal questioning, and infrequent exchanging of views. Classroom Implications Teachers seem to have an easier and more successful task in dealing with and instructing active learners as opposed to passive learners. This is due in part because active learners realize that the material presented by the teacher or the readings required in the classroom seem to be difficult which prompts the active learner to ask clarifying questions to avoid major difficulties later. Passive learners, on the other hand, often fail to realize the small barriers to learning until they become major ones. Consequently, active learners seek help or tutoring with difficult concepts sooner than the passive learners because the passive learners wait until the barriers are often insurmountable. In the classroom, active learners help teachers by providing relevant examples often adding to the classroom dialogue; whereas passive learners typically refuse providing examples thus blunting class dialogue (Petress, 2008). Consequently, according to Petress (2008), active versus passive learning behaviors do not disappear when students leave school and enter the workforce. Thus, the active learner typically has better opportunities for advancement than do passive learners. Often passive learners adapt in the workforce, but the process is often slow and painful. Obviously, active learning is the preferred way of learning. Teaching, rewarding, and promoting active learning is easiest when begun early. Teachers, parents, and other stakeholders working with students need competent instruction that can easily be applied toward rewarding, reinforcing, and extending the active learning behaviors. Piaget According to Belsky (2010), Piaget was an advocate and strong believer that children learn through hands-on experiences. He believed that children learn by acting on and in the physical world, meaning that children learn by experiencing what is around them. Piaget categorized learning into four stages of development, sensorimotor, preoperations, concrete operations, and formal operations. In the sensorimotor (ages 0-2), infants learn by manipulating objects, thus equating this manipulation to the basics of physical reality. In the preoperations stage ages 2-7), childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions are built upon their immediate appearances, meaning whatever they see, is reality. In the concrete operations stage (ages 8-12), children begin to develop a more realistic understanding of what is around them, but abstract thinking is often difficult or lacking. In the formal operations stage (ages 12+), reasoning is at its peak and children begin to think hypothetically until full cognitive potential is reached. Jean PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s work has greatly influenced constructivist educators through what we now call discovery learning. Fogarty (1999) explains that PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s main theory premise is that the learnersÃ¢â¬â¢ interactions lead to structural changes in how they think based on data assimilation.
Wednesday, April 1, 2020
Agrarian Reforms in the Countries of Latin America The twentieth century was the period of many significant agrarian reforms in the countries of Latin America. In spite of the fact these reforms were developed in order to address the interests of peasants and landless rural population, in most cases the definite results of these reforms were not associated with the social and economic aspects, but reflected the peculiarities of the political situation in the countries.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Agrarian Reforms in the Countries of Latin America specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, to have the opportunity to make certain conclusions about the phenomenon of agrarian reforms in Latin America, it is necessary to concentrate on its peculiar features. This paper will focus on the examination of the positive and negative results of the agrarian reforms for the rural population in the countries of Latin America because each process or phenomenon always has two sid es of its representation. Positive Effects of Agrarian Reforms The period of agrarian reforms started in Latin America with the Mexican revolution which was developed at the beginning of the twentieth century and ceased with the progress of neoliberal policies in the territories. Providing agrarian reforms, governments were inclined to attract the rural masses and contribute to their political goals. That is why the question of the agrarian reformsÃ¢â¬â¢ positive effects for all the social classes is rather controversial. The poor peasantry was not discussed as the potential force for the progress in the field of the countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ economy and agriculture. All the accents were made on the capitalist farmers. Their activity was connected with the income distribution. Thus, the opportunities to invest in agriculture and to develop the land market appeared (Gwynne Kay, 2004, p. 233). However, the situation changed with the period of neoliberal policies when the governments began to accentuate the importance of privatization land taxes. Thus, the advantages which were acquired by the poor peasantry as a result of the agrarian reforms were incomparable with the benefits which were provided for the developed capitalist farmers. Negative Effects of Agrarian Reforms In spite of definite positive shifts in the sphere of agriculture, the majority of the rural population is not satisfied with the agrarian reforms because the main promises are not completed (Gwynne Kay, 2004, p. 235). Poverty and landlessness remain the main issues for the rural population of the countries in Latin America. From the social point, the agrarian reforms had not positive effects on the changes in the situation of unemployment and poverty in the territories. From the economic point, many agrarian reforms in the countries of Latin America can be considered as the causes for the development of the further more influential and even dramatic reforms which were the part of the political cont ext.Advertising Looking for essay on government? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Peasants remained to be the weakest class in the social system which were also negatively influenced by the implemented land titling projects (Gwynne Kay, 2004, p. 233). Thus, the agrarian reform in Cuba was closely connected with the revolution and developed in the political field. Moreover, many results of the reforms were rather unexpected for the governors and that is why are difficult to be overcome effectively. The agrarian reforms of the twentieth century in Latin America can be discussed from the point of their positive and negative effects on the rural population of the countries. The positive effects are connected with the development of the countriesÃ¢â¬â¢ market, the change of the position according to the global market, and the role of the capitalist farmers. The negative effects are associated with the position of the pe asants and the situation of poverty of the rural population which are more influential from the social point. Reference Gwynne, R. N. Kay, C. (2004). Latin America transformed: Globalization and modernity. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Common, Mutual, and Reciprocal Common, Mutual, and Reciprocal Common, Mutual, and Reciprocal By Maeve Maddox A reader objects to the expression Ã¢â¬Å"a mutual friendÃ¢â¬ : I donÃ¢â¬â¢t care if Dickens did write a novel called Our Mutual Friend. Using Ã¢â¬Å"mutualÃ¢â¬ to describe a friend you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know was also a friend of someone else is a misuse of the word. Mutual and reciprocal both mean, Ã¢â¬Å"directed toward each other.Ã¢â¬ For example, a Ã¢â¬Å"mutual admiration societyÃ¢â¬ is a group of people who admire one another. Ã¢â¬Å"Mutual enemiesÃ¢â¬ are people who hate one another. By the same token, Ã¢â¬Å"mutual friendsÃ¢â¬ are people who reciprocate friendly feelings toward one another. Many speakers- perhaps most- use the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"mutual friendÃ¢â¬ in the following context: Sam is JoeÃ¢â¬â¢s friend. Sam is also GloriaÃ¢â¬â¢s friend. Joe and Gloria are friends, but they donÃ¢â¬â¢t know that Sam is a friend to both. One day, in speaking with Sam, Gloria learns that he just got back from a fishing trip with Joe. The next time that Gloria speaks to Joe, she exclaims, Ã¢â¬Å"Guess what! We have a mutual friend.Ã¢â¬ Purists would label this use as incorrect, arguing that the friendship between Joe and Gloria is mutual, but that Sam is Ã¢â¬Å"a friend in common.Ã¢â¬ One definition of common is Ã¢â¬Å"belonging equally to more than one.Ã¢â¬ We speak of Ã¢â¬Å"common sense,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"common beliefs,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"common interests,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"common complaints.Ã¢â¬ Another meaning of common, perhaps more prevalent in British usage than American, is vulgar. Dickens could have named his book Our Common Friend, but he probably didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want the title to be interpreted to mean Our Vulgar Friend. The use of mutual might not have been strictly correct in the context, but its use eliminates misunderstanding. The Chicago Manual of Style includes a caveat against the use of mutual to describe a Ã¢â¬Å"third-partyÃ¢â¬ friend: What is common is shared by two or more people: Ã¢â¬Å"borne by different mothers but having a common father.Ã¢â¬ What is mutual is reciprocal or directly exchanged by and toward each other: Ã¢â¬Å"mutual obligations.Ã¢â¬ Strictly, friend in common is better than mutual friend in reference to a third person who is a friend of two others. The OED has this to say about the use of Ã¢â¬Å"mutual friendÃ¢â¬ to mean Ã¢â¬Å"friend in commonÃ¢â¬ : This use has in the past been censured as incorrect but it is nevertheless frequent. It has probably been used in preference to common on account of the ambiguity of the latter (which in many contexts could also mean Ã¢â¬ËordinaryÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËmeanÃ¢â¬â¢, or Ã¢â¬ËvulgarÃ¢â¬â¢). In my view, objecting to the use of Ã¢â¬Å"mutual friendÃ¢â¬ in the sense of Ã¢â¬Å"a friend in commonÃ¢â¬ is officious nitpicking. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:12 Signs and Symbols You Should KnowAwoken or Awakened?Mankind vs. Humankind
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Letter of recommendation - Essay Example She/he also had calm and organized approach to her/his daily duties and also took initiative in performing duties that were out of the ordinary. XYZ always displayed a talent for multitasking and always focused on details. XYZÃ¢â¬â¢s pleasing personality makes him/her a wonderful colleague to work with and we find her/ his dedication to work both motivating and inspiring. She/he showed great composure during hectic work hours, and was flexible and willing to work for more hours to compensate her/ his peers who were on leave. She/he was an ideal peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s person. XYZ was a vital member of our team and I am sure the program would certainly help her/him nurture his/ her budding professional qualities. I would highly recommend her/ him as an ideal candidate for your program and hope that you would kindly consider the application. Ã¢â¬Å"Sample Recommendation Letters Ã¢â¬â Sample Letters of Recommendation.Ã¢â¬ About.com. 10 December 2011.